Innovation Systems

Research fellow Tarmo Kalvet

Economic development is based on innovation, while innovation is characterized by some systemic elements which is the central theme of the innovation systems approach. The approach has become the dominating approach in innovation theory as well as policy making since the 1990s. Its application has brought considerable changes in innovation policies both in the developed as well as developing countries. At the same time obvious problems emerge when applied to developing countries. Also, globalization in the world economy is posing important challenges. The main topics of the course include: from innovation to innovation systems, theoretical foundation of innovation systems, innovation systems from historic perspective, comparative innovation systems, innovation policies, and the Estonian innovation system.

Jan Fagerberg, Innovation: A guide to the Literature, in: Jan Fagerberg, David C. Mowery, and Richard R. Nelson (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Innovation, Oxford University Press, 2004.
Naubahar, S. 2006. Emergence and Development of the National Innovation System Concept. Research Policy, Vol 35, pp 745-766.
Freeman, Ch. 1995. The „National System of Innovation“ in Historical Perspective. Cambridge Journal of Economics. Vol 19, pp 5-24.
Richard Nelson, National Innovation Systems. A Comparative Analysis, New York/Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1993; OECD, Dynamising National Innovation Systems, 2002.
Lundvall, B.-A., Johnson, B., Andresen, E. S., Dalum, B. 2002 National Systems of Production, Innovation and Competence Building. Research Policy. Vol 31, pp 213-231

Credits: 6
Grade: Yes
Mandatory: No